Wednesday, March 18, 2020
John Keegan, a modern military historian Essay Example John Keegan, a modern military historian Paper John Keegan, a modern military historian Paper Essay Topic: History Field Marshal Haig was the most important person during World War One. There are many different views on his competence, character and leadership qualities of both past and present leading up to his victory in 1918. Despite being victorious, there are many flaws and events of which Haig was at fault for during the war. On one hand you have the incompetent, criminal, immoral donkey view of Haig supported by historians such as John Laffin, and on the other you have a competent, man of his time, innovative resourceful supported by historians such as Garry Sheffield and John Keegan. Ultimately I will prove which view is most accurate; using the sources and my own knowledge I will provide sufficient evidence to support John Keegans suggestion that Haig was an efficient and highly skilled soldier. On the subject of Haigs performance in the Battle of the Somme, Keegans views seem to be somewhat limited. Other historians such as John Laffin argue that Haig should be seen as an incompetent and inflexible. His initial bombardment tactics were flawed, in that the Germans were easily managed to attack the British troops. There was insufficient barrage, attacking on too wide and deep a front. He displayed obstinacy in adhering to fixed plans regardless of the facts, even at the price of destroying his own armies. This is shown in source D. Source D is a view of Haig in the form of a cartoon entitled Your Country needs me, from General Haigs Private War; The cartoon suggests to us that Haig was arrogant, and this is almost certainly true in that he failed to adapt to changed conditions of attack, for example when the initial bombardment at the Somme failed he continued with the same tactics best epitomizing his inexperience and arrogance. However the usefulness of this source is unconvincing- it is only the view of one person, the cartoonist, and not of the general public. There is however some powerful evidence to support the view of Keegan, in particular sources K and H. Source K an article by S. Warburton, published in Hindsight:GCSE Modern History Review in April 1998 says that Haig was the best man for the job at the time. Haig was the product of his time, of his upbringing, education, and training and previous military experience. In perspective, the criticism Haig receives seems harsh and unjustified because the British casualties were the same as the Germans and French. Source H, shows us that Haigs perseverance in continuing the battle of the Somme, despite the heavy losses proved to be the correct option. Source H, from the official biography Haig, by Duff Cooper says, To have refused to fight then and there would have meant the abandonment of Verdun to its fate and the breakdown of co-operation with the French. However the sources accuracy and reliability is dubious because Cooper was asked by Haigs family to write it, so hes bound to put Haig in a good light. Having said that, it can also be argued that perhaps Haig shouldnt have continued with a full blooded attack. Source E is a diary of the events in the battle written by Haig himself. On 1st July 1916 he reports that the battle was going to plan on the first day of battle, the battle is going very well for us and already the Germans are surrending freely. In stark contrast the first day of the Somme was the complete opposite- it was a disaster. In fact the whole of the Somme was a disaster- Haig gained so little territory that, after the battle he had only just about gained the amount of land that he had planned on the first day. Showing us that he was over confident, naive and extremely optimistic. In relation to the source itself, the reports were written by General Haig himself, so he was bound to say all went well, to make himself look good; this source is very unreliable and is of no use to any historian as it is factually incorrect amongst other things. Overall on the issue I would say that although Haigs perseverance in continuing the battle of the Somme, the manner in which he did portrays him as an incompetent, criminal, immoral donkey. Despite the British, French and German Casualties being the same, I think the amount of men who died in the battle could have decreased a lot if Haig had adjusted his tactics and not been so over confident; for that reason I think the phrase Butcher of the Somme is justified to some extent. Therefore Keegans case is somewhat mostly naive and inaccurate, although there is some evidence that proves otherwise; the things Haig did wrong in the battle far outweigh suggestions that he was an efficient and highly skilled leader who did much to lead Britain to victory. On the subject of Haigs communications in relation to politicians, generals and soldiers, Keegans view appears to be correct to some extent. He was under extreme pressure to win the war quickly, by his political masters, by a vociferous med ia, and by the determination of the British Public, there was no path to victory on offer and he was rushed into action on many occasions. One must take into consideration the role John Charteris played in the battle of the Somme. He fed wrong and inaccurate information to Haig. General Haig allowing him to do so time and time again inevitable had all the blame put on him. However, Haig abortive attitude towards General Rawlinson is perhaps ultimately his greatest downfall. Keegan is not supported by the weight of evidence in source Ei, Haig understands and notifies the idea that there will be a lot of deaths during the battle and tells the British population to accept any losses with indulgence. No superiority of arms and ammunition, however great, will enable victories to be won without the sacrifice of mens lives. Haig in due course contradicts himself in this understanding; when original tactics incorporated by Haig were failing, (by taking as much ground as possible moving the artillery so that the guns and shells could defend the ground taken) he refused to accept Rawlinsons plans to adapt to a bite and hold stra tegy- adding insult to injury as they say, this tactic was used later on in the war and it proved a great success. This in return suggests that Haig was ignorant and very dismissive of other Generals plans; his arrogance led him to believe that his tactics were the best. As shown in source F, stem from his belief that he had been chosen by God to serve his country. Presenting to us that he was over confident and optimistic, in spite of the amount of men lost as he constantly sent thousands of men to war and to their deaths, having no real effect. Notwithstanding Haigs obvious mistakes during battles, the view that he was incompetent and an immoral donkey is groundless and dubious. Evidence suggesting otherwise is best revealed in source C. Earl Haig, the son of Field Marshal Haig says that Haig should be credited for his victories, after all victory in the war was the main aim, and that views that he was the butcher of the Somme have only come about in modern times. the victories he achieved in the First World War which brought the war to an end. This is true and supportive of Keegans view because Haig is the most successful war general in the history of Britain. Earl Haigs opinion that Haigs is portrayal as a callous, uncaring man has only come about of recent times is also correct. Using my own knowledge, when Haig died, 100,000 troops shot at his coffin whilst 30,000 followed him to his burial. Therefore Keegans case is largely proper and correct; the evidence suggests that Haig shared a good relationship with his troops and that views that he was the butcher of the Somme are harsh and seemingly unjustified. Although the source must be questioned as it was written by Earl Haig, Generals Haig son, so he is bound to write good things about his father. Overall, the idea that Haig was the butcher is true to some extent. His failure to listen to General Rawlinson and allow John Charteris to make mistake after mistake is his biggest downfall. Had he listened to Rawlinson, the battle of the Somme could have been less disastrous in that fewer men would probably have been lost. However, in spite of this amongst other things sources, in source G, David Lloyd George, Prime Minister of Britain at the time says My only justification is that Haig promised not to press the attack if it became clear that he could not attain his objectives by continuing the offensive. Showing that Lloyd-George did trust Haig, despite both men holding grudges against one another. Ultimately, Haig did share good relationships and shows commitment to the war effort, despite claims he was the butcher of the Somme. In perspective, qualms about his relationship with other generals are improper because he learned form his mistakes, and won many battles throughout 1917 to 1918. His aim was to win the war, and he did. Haig is extensively regarded as being a technophobe during the war years. Although he was loyal and devoted to using traditional cavalry during the war, despite being a failure on many occasions, labeling him a technophobe is unsubstantiated, fallacious and unwarranted. He was an enthusiastic supporter of air power and introduced tanks to the war together with modern artillery- used to great effect. Artillery became much bigger and was more accurate, technologically the British were far more sophisticated than the Germans. It is the way in which Haig incorporated this advances into his tactics that undermine his demise. Source J underlines Haigs involvement in technology. A war veteran recalls a meeting with Haig in 1915, Germans started shelling Haig went round and asked me questions, and then even talked about camouflage from the air. This source is very reliable as the person quoted actually fought in the war and therefore Keegans case is largely supported in terms of technology. Having evaluated Haigs performance on a variety of key issues and over the whole period of his command, my overall conclusion is that Haig was the right man for the job during the war. Many historians argue that he sent troops to their deaths, but in actual fact, there were fewer deaths in the British army than in the French or Germans. He made a number of serious errors, but he managed to learn from his mistakes. However Sir Douglas Haigs job was to win the war, and despite the countless amount of deaths, he did. Therefore, Keegans view is to be frank, correct, although it does have it limitations and drawbacks, the successes Haig masterminded in the war far outweigh the losses.
Sunday, March 1, 2020
Customer Request Listening Quiz You will hear a customer asking for help in a shop. Write down the answers to the questions concerning what she wants. Click on the listen here link. Once you have listened twice, return to this page and take the listening quiz. Write or type the answers. After you have finished, find the answer key at the bottom of the page to see if you have answered the questions correctly. Listen here.Ã What did the woman receive as a gift?What kind of gift was it?Why does she not want it?Why cant she get her money back?What can she do with it?What would she like?What kid of handbag would she like?What kind of handbag was she looking for?Where is the handbag that she likes?What is the problem with the handbag she likes?What can she have instead of a refund?Who would she like to speak to?What does the man think the manager will say?Where has the manager been? Answer Key: A briefcaseA birthday giftShe doesnt like it and she already has one.She doesnt have a receipt.She can exchange the briefcase.A handbagSomething black, smallish, and not too expensiveSomething more classicalIn the windowIt costs less than the briefcaseA credit noteThe ManagerHe will say the same thing.At lunch
Friday, February 14, 2020
Environmental Issues in Dairy Processing Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2250 words
Environmental Issues in Dairy Processing - Essay Example The second important aspect to be considered is the soil inside and around Fonterra Tirau. This is necessary because the materials and processes that are used in the milk processing can be harmful to the environment (soil) if care is not taken in their handling. If leakages or spillages occur, they can foster the micro - organism spread. Nitrogen, which is a major byproduct in the lactalbumin processing can easily leach into underground water and result in contamination of underground water sources. The other concern is that the nature of milk by-products is such that it can hamper oxygen supply in the soil, or disrupt infiltration. These in general would affect soil quality by polluting it, and this would end up even into waterways (Barnett, Robertson& Russell, n.d.).Thirdly, although not much considered is the inconvenience that might be caused by the heavy commercial vehicles, which are constantly moving into or out of Fonterra Tirau. Owing to the fact that they are large, they ha ve the potential to cause much noise and congestion of traffic in the area around Tirau. This is the same case with the heavy plant machinery used. In the light of this, it is the mandate of Fonterra Tirau to ensure that the machinery and trucks accessing the area do not have negative effects to the surrounding (Lundie, Schulz, Peters, & Nebel, 2009).Finally, air quality should be a factor very sensitive, and should be considered as well. Plant processes such as fermenting of lactic casein, bad milk.
Saturday, February 1, 2020
Globalization of Starbucks - Case Study Example Not only would the shop serve coffee, but also sell pastries, cakes and tea in an environment that provides a memorable experience. This transformation of the Italian coffee experience to the Starbucks of America tells us that ideas can be used across borders to strengthen the foundations of international business. If an Italian idea can appeal so strongly to an American, the same experience can very well indeed touch the lives of millions of coffee consumers in Asia, Africa or Australia. 2. What drove Starbucks to start expanding internationally? How is the company creating value for its shareholders by pursuing an international expansion strategy? Starbucks achieved phenomenal success in the United States of America, with over seven hundred stores all across the country by the year 1995. Being a country that is home to multitudes of multiethnic crowds all over the world, the success of Starbucks in America was an indication that the Starbucks experience was enjoyed by all, regardle ss of race, gender or ethnicity. This became the encouragement for Starbucks to venture into the international market. By spreading its operations globally, the company is not only minimizing risk, but also maximizing profits, both of which add increased value for the shareholders of the company (Rappaport). Additionally, dealing in the global market adds the value attached to dealing with foreign exchange, which implicitly results in a stronger portfolio for the individual who chooses to invest in a multinational company. 3. Why do you think Starbucks decided to enter the Japanese market via a joint venture with a Japanese company? What lesson can you draw from this? It was through penetrating the Japanese market that Starbucks set out on its first venture in to the international arena. Though confident of its success within America, the company could not be entirely sure of a similar success in other parts of the world. To reduce the risks of a prospective failure, Starbucks chose to commit to a joint partnership, in which the local Japanese retailer, Sazaby Inc., would share both the profits and losses of the joint venture. This was a wise and long sighted step on part of Starbucks, which showed that the prospect of loss should never be underestimated in the world of business. Apart from the financial aspect involved in making such a decision, the social and cultural aspects involved must also be taken into consideration. As an American company setting up business in Japan, Starbucks chose to hire Japanese employees working in its outlets, thus reducing a sense of alienation in the coffee experience Starbucks wished to sell. 4. Is Starbucks a force for globalization? Explain your answer. Starbucks has indeed proved itself to be one of the pioneers in the world of modern international commerce. Beginning with a humble start in Seattle, the companyÃ¢â¬â¢s rise to success is inspiring to say the least. The success of Starbucks has taken the route of globaliz ation to reach this stage, and today, the word Starbucks has become symbolically synonymous to a laid back coffee experience in a uniquely relaxing ambiance. This is indeed one of the many effects of globalization, where a good or service can mean the same thing, regardless of their ethnic or geographic origin. On the other hand, the downside of globalization has also followed Starbucks, often in the form of international competitors, who duplicate the Starbucks coffee experience and offer it to
Friday, January 24, 2020
JAMES WATT James Watt, the son of a merchant, was born in Greenock, Scotland, in 1717. At the age of nineteen, Watt was sent to Glasgow to learn the trade of a mathematical-instrument maker. After spending a year in London, Watt returned to Glasgow in 1757 where he established his own instrument-making business. Watt soon developed a reputation as a high quality engineer and was employed on the Forth & Clyde Canal and the Caledonian Canal. He was also engaged in the improvement of harbours and in the deepening of the Forth, Clyde and other rivers in Scotland. Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã In 1763 Watt was sent a Newcomen steam engine to repair. While putting it back into working order, Watt discovered how he could make the engine more efficient. Watt worked on the idea for several months and eventually produced a steam engine that cooled the used steam in a condenser separate from the main cylinder. James Watt was not a wealthy man so he decided to seek a partner with money. John Roebuck, the owner of a Scottish ironworks, agreed to provide financial backing for Watt's project. When Roebuck went bankrupt in 1773, Watt took his ideas to Matthew Boulton, a successful businessman from Birmingham. For the next eleven years Boulton's factory producing and selling Watt's steam-engines. These machines were mainly sold to colliery owners who used them to pump water from their mines. Watt's machine was very popular because it was four times more powerful than those that had been based on the Thomas Newcomen design. Watt continued to experiment and in 1781 h e produced a rotary-motion steam engine. Whereas his earlier machine, with its up-and-down pumping action, was ideal for draining mines, this new steam engine could be used to drive many different types of machinery. Richard Arkwright was quick to importance of this new invention, and in 1783 he began using Watt's steam-engine in his textile factories. Others followed his lead and by 1800 there were over 500 of Watt's machines in Britain's mines and factories. Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã In 1755 Watt had been granted a patent by Parliament that prevented anybody else from making a steam-engine like the one he had developed. For the next twenty-five years, the Boulton & Watt company had a virtual monopoly over the production of steam-engines. Watt charged his customers a premium for using his steam engines.
Thursday, January 16, 2020
The Last Night At the beginning of the passage it is instantaneously established that the circumstances in which the two brothers, Andre and Jacob, are currently residing in are appalling. These would be the same conditions that most of the Jewish people would have been residing in prior to being taken to concentration camps. We are aware that the conditions are poor as Faulks tells us that Ã¢â¬ËAndre was lying on the floorÃ¢â¬â¢ which implies that he has nowhere else to sleep, it also shows how exhausted he must have been as young boys would not normally be resting.We are also informed at the start of the passage that the boys are French-Jewish, by their names. As Andre lies on the floor a Jewish orderly comes round with postcards on which the deportees can write their final message. This shows us that a percentage of the Jewish people were collaborating with the Nazis, although the Jewish orderly would have been lower than the Germans they still had a sense of responsibility. T his could have looked like a betrayal from the view of the rest of the Jewish people.Furthermore, even though the Jewish orderly has joined forces with the Nazis he is still sneaking postcards for the Jewish people to write their final messages on. This portrays a sense of loyalty from the Jewish orderly. Here Faulks calls the Jewish people Ã¢â¬ËdeporteesÃ¢â¬â¢ which reminds us, after a pleasant picture of the Jewish orderlyÃ¢â¬â¢s loyalty, that they are being deported by force. Following on from this we are told that they are to write their final messages on the postcards which again enables us to reminisce on the circumstances. Faulks does this by using the word Ã¢â¬ËfinalÃ¢â¬â¢.This emphasises that this potentially could be the last thing that the Jewish people ever write which truly illustrates to us the reality of the situation. The Ã¢â¬Ëfinal messageÃ¢â¬â¢ could also allude to HitlerÃ¢â¬â¢s final solution which would portray how the Jewish people were regarded and consequently the terrifying experience that they had to go through. However, the Jewish orderly does not take the postcards to send but instructs the Jewish people to Ã¢â¬Ëthrow them from the train as camp orders forbade access to the postÃ¢â¬â¢. This not only shows us the collaboration from the Jewish orderly, as he would not help them any further.The Jewish people were told to throw their postcards from the train, this implies that they would throw the postcards from the train with the hope that a French person would find it and send it on. This reminds us that, although the French person may have sent the postcard on, there was still a great amount more of French people in France at that time rather than Germans. This shows us that the French people have subconsciously, or some consciously, collaborated with the Germans. Faulks then uses the same technique that he used earlier in the passage by creating a pleasant image for the reader followed by a glimpse of reality.He d oes this here by constructing a pleasing image of the Jewish peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s final messages being found and sent on to then remind the reader that they are in fact on their way to a death camp. As the Jewish people write their final messages we are informed that there are two or three pencils being passed around, pencils that had survived the barracks search. Yet again this gives us an idea about the type of environment that the brothers are in as Parisian buses can hold around four hundred people yet there are only two to three pencils.The fact that they are not even allowed to have pencils portrays how the Jewish people were treated. During this Faulks includes that the Jewish people had been through the barracks search which once more reminds us of their inevitable futures. How the Jewish people react while writing their postcards are really conveys their experience as Ã¢â¬Ësome wrote with sobbing passion, some with punctilious careÃ¢â¬â¢. The reader is immediately drawn to t his as Faulks has used plosives within the sentence.This phrase shows us how people react differently in situations that they cannot control: one phrase is emotional and effective, the other clipped and precise. Furthermore they would have believed that this letter is how they would have been remembered and as we are later told they viewed that their safety almost depended on their letter. In addition the people writing with Ã¢â¬Ëpunctilious careÃ¢â¬â¢ could refer to the novel for the reason that as Faulks writes he does so vigilantly because he has not experienced what he is writing about, therefore he needs to choose his language carefully, given the subject is a serious matter.A woman comes round giving sandwiches and water to the children. We are told that the children Ã¢â¬ËclusteredÃ¢â¬â¢ around the pail of water as they passed sardine cans from one to another. I think that you feel as though the woman is a caring person who would have made the children feel as comforta ble as possible throughout; this conveys a pleasant image to the reader. Faulks uses the word pail instead of bucket which could allude to the loss of colour and furthermore loss of hope of the Jewish people. The children Ã¢â¬ËclusteredÃ¢â¬â¢ round the pail of water, while using sardine cans to drink from, once again presenting us with how the Jewish people were treated by the Germans. The sardine cans are passed from one to another which gives us the sense that they are suffering together and how the worst side of humanity can often bring out the best side of humanity. While the younger children are drinking the water an older boy embraced the woman Ã¢â¬Ëin his gratitudeÃ¢â¬â¢ which shows us that he is so grateful that he feels as if physical contact was needed to get across his appreciation, which is very rare for a teenage boy.This shows us how this experience would have had a vast effect on peoplesÃ¢â¬â¢ behaviour. Once again Faulks uses the same technique to remind th e reader of reality, by leading on from the older boy showing his appreciation to telling us that the bucket was soon empty. The author now uses the word bucket instead of pail which could refer to the idea of a bucket list and the realisation that only a small percentage of the Jewish people would have made it out of the death camps alive. The phrase Ã¢â¬Ëthe bucket was soon emptyÃ¢â¬â¢ also seems to carry a resonance beyond its basic meaning.After the woman left we are told that the brothers fall asleep with Ã¢â¬Ëonly the small hours of the night to go throughÃ¢â¬â¢. This refers to how slowly the hours go when you are attempting to sleep; their lack of sleep also portrays the worry of the Jewish people. Faulks tells us that Andre was sleeping on the straw, Ã¢â¬Ëthe soft bloom of his cheek laid, uncaring, in the dung. Ã¢â¬â¢ The fact that Andre was sleeping in dung and on straw implies that the Jewish people were treated like animals as Faulks makes the comparison.Furth ermore Faulks grants us with a pleasant image of the Ã¢â¬Ësoft bloomÃ¢â¬â¢ of AndreÃ¢â¬â¢s cheek which gives us a pleasing illustration within the unpleasant illustration of the dung in which Andre is lying. Additionally AndreÃ¢â¬â¢s limbs are intertwined with JacobÃ¢â¬â¢s which also presents us with a pleasing image. These I believe show us that there is some hope, in terms of human contact, within a horrible circumstance. As the children slept, Ã¢â¬Ëthe adults in the room sat slumped against the walls, wakeful and talking in lowered voices. Faulks describes how the adults sat as being Ã¢â¬Ëslumped against the wallsÃ¢â¬â¢, I feel that this gives a sense of depression and also resignation which portrays the atmosphere within the room. The adults are talking with Ã¢â¬Ëlowered voicesÃ¢â¬â¢ which demonstrates their thoughtfulness towards the children who have managed to sleep, the fact that the children are able to sleep reminds us of their innocence and therefore t he terrible circumstances that only a small percentage of the children will become adults. Such thoughts are inevitable, given the date of the novel (1999); Faulks only need to hint at such things.As the morning arrives water is passed around for anyone who is thirsty. We are told that anyone who did drink drank in Ã¢â¬ËsilenceÃ¢â¬â¢ which I believe gives us a sense of the unknown as everyone is waiting and pondering as to what will happen next. As they drank there was Ã¢â¬Ëthe noise of an engine Ã¢â¬â a familiar sound to many of them, the homely thudding of a Parisian bus. Ã¢â¬â¢ Most of the Jewish people in the room would have taken these buses in their day to day lives, to go to the shops or to go to school; this shows us how something so familiar to them can change so rapidly to become something so unfamiliar.It is a Ã¢â¬Ëhomely thuddingÃ¢â¬â¢ they hear which is extremely ironic that they are being transported to be killed using Parisian buses; it once again gives us a sense of the collaboration between the French and the Germans. Before the Jewish people progress onto the buses there is a register taken. As the registration took place Ã¢â¬Ëfive white-and-green municipal busesÃ¢â¬â¢ sat in the corner of the yard, Ã¢â¬ËtremblingÃ¢â¬â¢. The white-and-green municipal buses are not just normal French buses but the buses of the capital, you almost get the sense that the buses trembled as they were afraid of where they were going.The trembling could also represent the fear of the Jewish people. The word Ã¢â¬ËmunicipalÃ¢â¬â¢ almost implies the buses are part of the collaboration in what was known as Vichy France. As a policeman called out names in alphabetical order the Ã¢â¬Ëcommandant of the campÃ¢â¬â¢ sat at a long table, not only does this again show us the collaboration between the French and Germans as it is a French Ã¢â¬ËgendarmeÃ¢â¬â¢ calling out the names but it also gives us an idea of what the Germans were like.It is a lmost as if because the Germans are calling their names in alphabetical order it makes the situation more respectable. It is bizarre how the Germans made mass murder organised. As the registrations takes place AndreÃ¢â¬â¢s name is called and he moves towards the bus with Jacob, this shows us the bond between the brothers and their instinct to stick together as JacobÃ¢â¬â¢s name was not called. When AndreÃ¢â¬â¢s name is called it almost tells us that it was his destiny to be there, as if the register was a register of death that he could not have escaped from.While the brothers walked towards the bus we are told a woman was wailing from the other side of the courtyard and Ã¢â¬Ëfrom windows open on the dawn, a shower of food was thrown towards them. Ã¢â¬â¢ Firstly Faulks portrays the awful side to human nature as it is ironic that it is now dawn which should mark a new day and new hope yet the Jewish people remain hopeless however Faulks then shows us the best side of human nature as a woman throws her own food to put the childrenÃ¢â¬â¢s needs before her own.As the woman calls the brothers name it shows us the loss of their identity as they would have no longer been called by their names but by numbers. Briefly after this Andre looked up and by Ã¢â¬ËchanceÃ¢â¬â¢ he saw a woman staring at a child, at first he believed that the woman was staring at the child with hatred however he soon realised she was attempting to fix a picture of the child so that she may have remembered forever.This shows us that, as Andre saw it by chance, there was luck within the awful circumstances however it also shows us how dreadful the circumstances were as a woman knows she would never see the child again and was trying to fix an image so that she could remember Ã¢â¬ËforeverÃ¢â¬â¢. As Andre Ã¢â¬Ëmounted the busÃ¢â¬â¢ we are told that Ã¢â¬Ëhe held on hardÃ¢â¬â¢ to Jacob, I believe that it is ironic that the Jewish people were mounting the bus which is a posi tive motion, yet they were being transported to their deaths.Furthermore Faulks uses alliteration as Ã¢â¬Ëhe held on hardÃ¢â¬â¢, this phrase underlines the desperation of the brothers as you get the sense that they believe if they hold on tightly to one another it will protect them. Some children could not manage to get onto the buses as they were too small which highlights how young some of the Jewish people were and once again reminds us of the harsh reality that only a small percentage of these children would have become adults.AndreÃ¢â¬â¢s bus was momentarily delayed as a baby of a few months was being lifted into the back of the bus, this once again shows us how awful the situation was as the baby was so young yet the Germans would have not hesitated to kill it. The babyÃ¢â¬â¢s wooden crib was hung over the passenger rail; this is contradictory as the Jewish people are no longer passengers but prisoners. As the bus leaves the headlights lit up a Ã¢â¬Ëcafe opposite bef ore the driver turned the wheel and headed for the station. Ã¢â¬â¢ This shows us that all of this was done before the day began which shows us once again how organised the Germans were.Furthermore the headlights lit up a cafe which again shows great irony as cafes are a symbol of Paris, the city of love and hope, yet the Jewish people are hopeless. The driver turning the wheel could allude to the wheel of fortune as the wheel is headed for the cafe, an image of hope and joy, yet is turned the other way which will eventually lead to their deaths. I think that this passage was edited well, for the anthology, so that it leaves people wondering what happens next and also ends on the contradicting images of the Parisian cafe and the final destination.
Wednesday, January 8, 2020
REASONS WHY SOCIAL SCIENCE RESEARCHERS PREFER TO USE QUANTITATIVE METHODS. Introduction: The main purpose of this article is to introduce some important fundamental concepts of quantitative research to readers, especially social science researchers. It comprises types of research, definitions of quantitative research, different types and assumptions of quantitative research, when to use and not to use quantitative methods, advantages, common approaches and samples of quantitative research, and common misconceptions. The main focus is on why social science researchers prefer quantitative method of research. Generally speaking, research can be classified based on its objectives in undertaking the research and how the information is sought. Research can also be classified according to the time when the data are collected for investigation. This essay will mainly focuses on quantitative research with a little of qualitative research. What is quantitative research? 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As seen from this definition there is a direct link between social science and the individualRead MoreEssay on Reconciliation between Science and Religion865 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesbut one more quote from Einstein is added. Because my personal philosophy of science still believes that science and religion go together (Quote #1 to 3). Human beings obtain wisdom and abilities from religion to understand the phenomena through science application to investigate the phenomena. While religion can c ultivate a human beingsÃ¢â¬â¢ sense of morality and humanity, it can also guide scientists when they conduct research that runs the risk of going beyond humane standards. However, after a semesterRead MoreHow Interests And Interactions Shape Science And Technology967 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesHOW INTERESTS AND INTERACTIONS SHAPE SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY Ian Hacking uses the example of dolomite in order to show that human interests do not play a role in science. His belief is that there is nothing less socially constructed than a rock, but this statement does not accurately portray the facts. Dolomite has a long history that involves a number of people and social interests. Each person contributed to the discovery and identification of dolomite and social factors were at play during the scientificRead MoreProject Is Focussed On The Exploitation Of Alm1651 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesThe research project is focussed on the exploitation of ALM. The main premise of the study is to understand how to mobilize firm resources (with ALM as an important element) to best serve individuals whilst identifying how firms can be compensated for the use of the offering within the customers context. By focussing on serving context, we shift from a mind set of value-in-exchange to value-in-use where each individual determines the value of the offering thems elves during the use and experienceRead MoreThe Impact of Science on Human Conduct essentially acquaints scholars with the essentialness of the900 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesThe Impact of Science on Human Conduct essentially acquaints scholars with the essentialness of the body-brain join. Essential anatomical and physiological parts of the human body and its impact on human conduct will be secured. The center of this subject will be on examining how physical capacities affect on the improvement of intense and endless mental disorders.chimpocentrism and reproductions of human development principally indicates Chimpocentrism still invades late recreations of human evolutionRead MoreThe Point Bellah Is Trying To Get Across Is That Ã¢â¬Å"We Must829 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesmust try to restore the idea of social science as public philosophy.Ã¢â¬ (Page 298) He wants to remake the big picture or as he says it, larger view. He doesn t think that it needs to be remade, instead, society in the n ew world needs a new approach. It has worked so well in the past that there is no reason to need a new one, all it needs is to be encouraged and strengthened (298). The old idea has made it through lots of years of narrow professional social science. Basically itÃ¢â¬â¢s good it just needsRead MoreA Research Report on the First Social Science Policy Architect, Harry Alpert640 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesSociology This article is a report of new research on the first social science policy architect Harry Alpert. This is because the article is basically a research that was conducted on Harry Alpert thus giving us information about the person. The article takes the universal format of research reports where there is an abstract in this case the summary, an introduction and the body of the research. We can tell that this is a report of a new research conducted since there is no reference is madeRead MoreThe Effect of the Social Context of Scientific Work on the Methods and Findings of Science637 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesEffect of the Social Context of Scientific Work on the Methods and Findings of Science The world society is in a constant state of fluidity regarding everything from social customs and slang to technology and inventions. With even more abundance, scientific understanding and questioning evolve as time progresses. As the human race changes and grows, scientific knowledge of the world and universe must expand to accommodate the growth. To a large extent, the social situations Read MoreGender Discrimination And The Field Of Science1498 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages As a student coming from a purely humanities background, the idea that gender discrimination could occur in the field of science as a concept was completely alien to me. However it has come to light that gender discrimination in the field of science is not a myth but in fact a harsh reality for which the reasons remain skewed. As according to Linda S. Dix, it is not an easy matter to assess the magnitude of gender discrimination and how that affects the careers of scientists, both men and women